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Tamargo J, López-Farré A, Caballero R, Delpón E


Drugs Today. 2011 Feb;47(2):109-33, PMID: 21431100

Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Dronedarone is an amiodarone-like benzofuran which lacks the iodine moiety and presents a methane sulfonyl group that decreases its lipophilicity, thus shortening the half-life and decreasing tissue accumulation. Like amiodarone, dronedarone blocks multiple cardiac ion channels and β-adrenoceptors, presenting electrophysiological characteristics of all four Vaughan Williams classes of antiarrhythmic drugs. In clinical trials, dronedarone has been found effective for both rhythm and rate control. Dronedarone was more effective than placebo in maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with paroxysmal and/or persistent AF and was also effective for ventricular rate control during AF recurrences, providing incremental rate control on top of standard drugs in permanent AF. Furthermore, in the ATHENA trial, dronedarone reduced the incidence of hospitalization due to cardiovascular events or death in patients with nonpermanent AF. Even when dronedarone was less effective than amiodarone in decreasing AF recurrence, it had a better safety profile, being devoid of thyroid, pulmonary and neurological toxicity. This review analyzes the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties, as well as the efficacy and safety of dronedarone in patients with atrial fibrillation.


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