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Romero M, Jimenez R, Sánchez M, López-Sepúlveda R, Zarzuelo A, Tamargo J, Perez-Vizcaino F, Duarte J

Vascular superoxide production by endothelin-1 requires Src non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase and MAPK activation.

Atherosclerosis. 2010 Sep;212(1):78-85, PMID: 20553682

ET-1 induces vascular O(2)(*-) production via activation of NADPH oxidase. We have investigated whether c-Src and MAPKs activation are involved in ET-1-induced vascular oxidative response. At 2 h, ET-1 induced an increase in NADPH oxidase-driven O(2)(*-) production in rat isolated aortic rings, which was completely suppressed in PP2 (c-Src inhibitor)-pretreated rings, whereas PP3 (inactive analogue of PP2) was without effect. ET-1 increased the levels of phospho-c-Src, the active form of c-Src, and the phosphorylation of cortactin, a Src-specific substrate. Both c-Src and cortactin phosphorylation induced by ET-1 were prevented by PP2. The increased expression of p47(phox), the main cytosolic subunit of NADPH oxidase, induced by ET-1 was also prevented by PP2. The increased vascular O(2)(*-) production and p47(phox) up-regulation induced by ET-1 was only inhibited in aortic rings coincubated with the ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059; being without effects both the p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580, and JNK inhibitor, SP600125. Aortic rings incubation with ET-1 increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. This effect was suppressed by coincubation with PP2 showing that this event is down-stream of c-Src activation. In conclusion, ET-1 induces NADPH oxidase-driven O(2)(*-) generation through increase of p47(phox) protein expression. The signalling pathway for this effect involves c-Src activation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation.


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