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Tamargo J, Caballero R, Gómez R, Núñez L, Vaquero M, Delpón E

Lipid-lowering therapy with statins, a new approach to antiarrhythmic therapy.

Pharmacol. Ther.. 2007 Apr;114(1):107-26, PMID: 17287023

Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (statins) are the most effective and best-tolerated drugs to treat elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). In addition, they exhibit other effects unrelated to their lipid lowering effects (pleiotropic actions). In recent years, experimental and clinical evidence demonstrates that statins exert antiarrhythmic properties, reducing the recurrences of supraventricular and life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias both in patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). Thus, statins may constitute a novel therapeutic approach to cardiac arrhythmias. This article reviews the antiarrhythmic properties of statins as well as the possible mechanisms involved, including the lowering of LDL-C levels, the improvement of endothelial dysfunction and autonomic function, the stabilization of the atherosclerotic plaques, the antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antithrombotic and cardioprotective properties and the modulation of transmembrane ion fluxes.


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Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional IMIM - Parc de Salut Mar