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Muñoz FJ, Godoy JA, Cerpa W, Poblete IM, Huidobro-Toro JP, Inestrosa NC

Wnt-5a increases NO and modulates NMDA receptor in rat hippocampal neurons.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.. 2014 Feb;444(2):189-94, PMID: 24440698

Wnt signaling has a crucial role in synaptic function at the central nervous system. Here we evaluate whether Wnts affect nitric oxide (NO) generation in hippocampal neurons. We found that non-canonical Wnt-5a triggers NO production; however, Wnt-3a a canonical ligand did not exert the same effect. Co-administration of Wnt-5a with the soluble Frizzled related protein-2 (sFRP-2) a Wnt antagonist blocked the NO production. Wnt-5a activates the non-canonical Wnt/Ca(2+) signaling through a mechanism that depends on Ca(2+) release from Ryanodine-sensitive internal stores. The increase in NO levels evoked by Wnt-5a promotes the insertion of the GluN2B subunit of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR) into the neuronal cell surface. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that Wnt-5a signaling is related to NO production, which in turn increases NMDARs trafficking to the cell surface.


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